International Journal of Immunology is a peer-reviewed open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of immunology. Immunology is a diverse and growing discipline that can be defined as the study of the tissues, cells and molecules involved in host defense mechanisms. Immunologists attempt to understand how the immune system develops, how the body defends itself against disease, and what happens when it all goes wrong. Priority is given to work that provides fundamental insight into the workings of the immune system. Areas covered include, but are not limited to, innate immunity and inflammation; development; immune receptors, signaling and apoptosis; antigen presentation; gene regulation and recombination; cellular and systemic immunity; vaccines; immune tolerance; autoimmunity and tumor immunology, microbial immunopathology; and transplantation.

The great advances in immunology in recent years make this field one of the most dynamic and rapidly growing in biological sciences. This remarkable growth is stimulated by the influx of investigators from other disciplines such as biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, microbiology, virology and various medical disciplines. These disciplines are so well interlinked with immunology that no immunological challenge can now be properly addressed without sophisticated applications of expertise of combinations of these disciplines. As a consequence, immunology has become a vast and rich field encompassing discoveries and outlooks that range from the highly clinical to the highly molecular. Although such perspectives may appear diverse, they are, in fact, extremely interdependent. The journal seeks to present a balanced overview of contemporary immunology and melds together different aspects of molecular immunology, immunobiology and clinical immunology.

Immunology is the branch of biomedical science that deals with the response of an organism to antigenic challenge and its recognition of what is self and what is not. It deals with the defense mechanisms including all physical, chemical and biological properties of the organism that help it to combat its susceptibility to foreign organisms, material, etc

Immunology has its origins in the study of how the body protects itself against infectious diseases caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi, and also parasitic organisms, such as helminth worms. Research / review articles deals with, among other things, the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and disease; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, immune deficiency, transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo are of prime interest.




Sasha H. Shafikhani

Associate Professor

Dr. Sasha Shafikhani completed his undergraduate and PhD studies at University of California at Berkeley and postdoctoral studies at University of California at San Francisco. Dr. Shafikhani is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Medicine at Rush University Medical Center. As a cellular microbiologist, his group conducts projects that involve bacterial pathogenesis, cancer biology, and chronic wound healing. The primary focus of his laboratory is: (i) to determine the virulence mechanisms in the bacterial pathogens, particularly Pseudomonas aeruginosa; (ii) to determine immune impairment that renders diabetic wound vulnerable to infection; and (iii) to employ bacterial toxins as molecular tools to dissect important mammalian cellular processes such as cytokinesis, apoptotic program cell death, and apoptotic compensatory proliferation signalling.

2002 – 2008  Postdoctoral Fellowship in Host / Pathogen interactions, University of California, San Francisco
1996 – 2001  PhD in Microbiology, University of California, Berkeley
1989 – 1991  BA in Molecular Cellular Biology, University of California, Berkeley

1988             Best Tutor Award, Mission College
1989             Cal Bear Honorary Scholarship Award, UC Berkeley
1990             Cal Bear Honorary Scholarship Award, UC Berkeley
1994             Promotion to Research Associate, Genencor International
1997 – 1998 Water Resources Quality (Graduate Student investigator), UC Berkeley
2003 – 2006 NIH/NIAID F32 Postdoctoral Award (PI), UCSF
2009 – 2010 Young Investigator Award, Rush University Medical Center
2010              Rush University Medical Center, The Pew Scholar Program Nominee

1. 2018 American Society of Nephrology Conference (San Diego, California, USA); Invited Speaker.
2. 2018 17th Global Diabetes Conference (Paris/France); Organizing Committee Member, Keynote Speaker, & Co-Chair of a session.
3. 2018 22nd Chronic Diseases International Conference (Berlin/Germany); Organizing Committee Member, Keynote Speaker, & Co-Chair of a session.
4. 2017 Microbial Pathogenesis Conference (Toronto, Canada); Keynote Speaker & Co-Chair of a session.
5. 2017 Microbial Pathogenesis Conference (MMPC); (University of Notre Dame- South Bend, Indiana); Invited Speaker.
6. 2017 American Society for Microbiology (New Orleans, LA); Invited Speaker.
7. 2016 International Society of Oncology and Biomarkers (ISOBM) (Chicago, IL) ; Invited Speaker.
8. 2016 UIC, Microbial Microbiology Group; Invited Speaker.
9. 2015 Endocrinology Conference (Atlanta, GA); Invited Speaker.
10. 2014 RUMC, Hematology/Oncology Ground Round; Invited Speaker. 06/27/2018
11. 2014 RUMC, Department of Internal Medicine Ground Round; Invited Speaker.
12. 2013 RUMC, Cancer Faculty Group; Invited Speaker.
13. 2012 RUMC, Department of Cell Biology; Invited Speaker.
14. 2012 UIC, Center for Pharmaceutical Biotechnology; Invited Speaker.
15. 2011 American Society for Microbiology (New Orleans, LA) ; Invited Speaker.
16. 2011 UIC, Microbial Microbiology Group; Invited Speaker.
17. 2011 Northwestern, Tumor Biology; Invited Speaker.
18. 2011 UIC, Section of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition; Invited Speaker.
19. 2010 Indiana University Medical School Northwest; Invited Speaker.
20. 2009 UIC, Pulmonary, Sleep and Critical Care Medicine; Invited Speaker.
21. 2009 37th Annual Midwest Connective Tissue Workshop, Rush University Medical Center; Invited Speaker.
22. 2009 Dominican University; Invited Speaker.
23. 2009 UIC, College of Dentistry; Invited Speaker.
24. 2008 Oregon Health Science University, Dept. of Mol. Micro. & Immunology
25. 2008 University of Texas Medical School, Dept. of Micro. & Mol. Genetics
26. 2008 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Dept. of Micro. & Immun.
27. 2008 UIC, Dept. of Microbiology & Immunology
28. 2008 Shiraz University Medical School
29. 2007 Stanford University, Dept. of Microbiology & Immunology
30. 2007 Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Dept. of Biological Sciences 06/27/2018
31. 2007 Albany Medical College, Center for Immunology and Microbial Disease
32. 2007 University of Kentucky, College of Medicine, Department of Microbiology
33. 2007 University of Virginia, Department of Immunology and Molecular Genetics
34. 2007 University of Vermont, Dept. of Medicine
35. 2007 Rush University Medical Center, Dept. of Immunology/ Microbiology
36. 2007 University of Virginia, Dept. of Microbiology
37. 2007 The Methodist Hospital Research Institute
38. 2007 Washington State University, SMB 1999 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Center for Environmental Biotechnology
39. 2007 UCSF, Microbial Pathogenesis Research Talk Series
40. 2005 Bay Area Microbial Pathogenesis Seminar Series (BAMPS)
41. 2006 UCSF, Research In Progress Seminar Series (RIPS)
42. 2004 UCSF, Research In Progress Seminar Series (RIPS)
43. 2004 UCSF, Cell Biology Retreat at Wilbur hot springs
44. 2000 American Chemical Society (San Francisco, CA)
45. 2000 UC Berkeley, Microbial Biology Seminar Series
POSTER PRESENTATIONS: (In reverse chronological order)
1. 2015 American Society for Microbiology (ASM)- Pseudomonas 2015 (Washington, DC. USA)
2. 2012 American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
3. 2010 Gordon Conference in Infectious diseases & virulence factors (Baltimore, USA) 06/27/2018
4. 2005 American Society for Cell biology (ASCB) (San Francisco, USA)
5. 2005 Gordon Conference in Infectious diseases & virulence factors (Baltimore, USA)
6. 2005 American Society for Microbiology (ASM); (Atlanta, USA)
7. 1997 The 9th International Conference on Bacilli; (Lausanne, Switzerland)
8. 1999 The 10th International Conference on Bacilli; (Baveno, Italy)

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