International Journal of Immunology is a peer-reviewed open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of immunology. Immunology is a diverse and growing discipline that can be defined as the study of the tissues, cells and molecules involved in host defense mechanisms. Immunologists attempt to understand how the immune system develops, how the body defends itself against disease, and what happens when it all goes wrong. Priority is given to work that provides fundamental insight into the workings of the immune system. Areas covered include, but are not limited to, innate immunity and inflammation; development; immune receptors, signaling and apoptosis; antigen presentation; gene regulation and recombination; cellular and systemic immunity; vaccines; immune tolerance; autoimmunity and tumor immunology, microbial immunopathology; and transplantation.

The great advances in immunology in recent years make this field one of the most dynamic and rapidly growing in biological sciences. This remarkable growth is stimulated by the influx of investigators from other disciplines such as biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, microbiology, virology and various medical disciplines. These disciplines are so well interlinked with immunology that no immunological challenge can now be properly addressed without sophisticated applications of expertise of combinations of these disciplines. As a consequence, immunology has become a vast and rich field encompassing discoveries and outlooks that range from the highly clinical to the highly molecular. Although such perspectives may appear diverse, they are, in fact, extremely interdependent. The journal seeks to present a balanced overview of contemporary immunology and melds together different aspects of molecular immunology, immunobiology and clinical immunology.

Immunology is the branch of biomedical science that deals with the response of an organism to antigenic challenge and its recognition of what is self and what is not. It deals with the defense mechanisms including all physical, chemical and biological properties of the organism that help it to combat its susceptibility to foreign organisms, material, etc

Immunology has its origins in the study of how the body protects itself against infectious diseases caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi, and also parasitic organisms, such as helminth worms. Research / review articles deals with, among other things, the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and disease; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, immune deficiency, transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo are of prime interest.




Hylemariam M. Mengist


Hylemariam was born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He earned a Master’s Degree in diagnostic and public health microbiology from Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.  He is assistant Professor at the University of Debre Markos College of Health science, Ethiopia and a chair of the research and fund raising committee of the college. He has ample experience in scientific research and academics. He has about 13 publications and now he is a PhD fellow.


  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Host pathogen interaction
  • Vaccinology and immunology
  • Drug discovery
  • 2006 – Awarded bachelor of degree, HaramayaUnniversity, Ethiopia
  • 2006/7 – Assistant lecturer, Wollega University, Ethiopia
  • 2011 – Awarded postgraduate scholarship, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  • 2014 – Awarded Master of science degree in diagnostic microbiology
  • 2014/15 – appointed as lecturer at Wollega University
  • 2015/16- appointed as college research focal person
  • 2016 – awarded certificate of outstanding researcher of the year
  • 2017 – Chair, The National Council on Education
  • 2017 – promoted to assistant professor
    Member of research project and funding committee of the college of health sciences Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia, Since December 2017
    In different committees in the department medical laboratory sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia, Since December 2017
    Research, extension, consultancy and publication focal person of department of medical laboratory sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia, Since 2014-2016
    Member of department counseling in the department of medical laboratory sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia, Since 2009
  1. TamiruDabuma, TadeleKabeta andHylemariamMihiretieMengist(2017)Assessment of Basic Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Community on Rabies and Retrospective Survey in and around Ambo Town, West Shoa Zone of Ethiopia. Med MicrobDiagn 6:4
  2. Amsalu TayeWondemagegn, HabtamuMellieBizuayehu, MeleseChegoCheme, EmiruAdebaGerbi, HylemariamMihiretieMengist (2017) Prevalence of Diagnosed and Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and Its Related Factors in East Wollega Zone, West Ethiopia. World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research 1(2): 76-82
  3. HylemariamMihiretieMengist, OlifanZewdie, AdugnaBelew (2017) Intestinal helminthic infection and anemia among pregnant women attending ante-natal care (ANC) in East Wollega, Oromia, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes 10: 440 DOI10.1186/s13104-017-2770y
  4. HylemariamMihiretieMengist, OlifanZewdie, AdugnaBelew, RegeaDabsu (2017) Prevalence and drug susceptibility pattern of group B Streptococci (GBS) among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) in Nekemte Referral Hospital (NRH), Nekemte, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes 10:388 DOI 10.1186/s13104-017-2725-3
  5. HylemariamMihiretieMengist (2017) Hepatitis B Virus is Increasing in Ethiopian Blood Banks: A Mini Review. Advanced research in gastroenterology &hepatology 6(3): DOI: 10.19080/ARGH.2017.06.555690
  6. HylemariamMihiretie, AsayeBirhanu (2017) Review on Major Disease Threats in Case of Emergencies. J Med MicrobDiagn 6 (2): 253 DOI: 10.4172/2161-0703.1000253
  7. HylemariamMihiretie, AlganeshMelese, Fatuma Mohammad, BedatuReta, MelkaHika (2017) Factors Affecting Second Year Regular Biology Students’ Participation in Group Activities in Wollega University. American Journal of Library and Information Science 1: 1. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlis.20170101.11
  8. HylemariamMihiretieMengist, KelemuTilahun (2017) Diagnostic Value of Widal Test in the Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever: A Systematic Review. J Med MicrobDiagn 6 (1): 248 doi:10.4172/2161-0703.1000248
  9. HylemariamMihiretieMengist, BineyamTaye and Aster Tsegaye (2015) Intestinal Parasitosis in Relation to CD4+T Cells Levels and Anemia among HAART Initiated and HAART Naive Pediatric HIV Patients in a Model ART Center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. PLoS ONE 10(2): e0117715. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0117715
  10. HylemariamMihiretie, BineyamTaye and Aster Tsegaye (2015) Magnitude of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pediatric HIV/AIDS Patients Attending Zewditu Memorial Hospital (ZMH) ART Clinic, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Anemia 2015 (479329): 10.1155/2015/479329
  11. HylemariamMihiretie, MotumaFufa, AnaneMitiku, Bacha, Getahun D, et al. (2015) Magnitude of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Nekemte Health Center, Nekemte, Ethiopia. J Med MicrobDiagn 4: 197. doi:10.4172/21610703.1000197
  12. HylemariamMihiretie, KassuDesta (2015) Microbiological Criteria and Quality of Fruits and Fruit Juices in Ethiopia and International Experience. J Med MicrobDiagn 4: doi:10.4172/21610703.1000207