International Journal of Immunology is a peer-reviewed open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of immunology. Immunology is a diverse and growing discipline that can be defined as the study of the tissues, cells and molecules involved in host defense mechanisms. Immunologists attempt to understand how the immune system develops, how the body defends itself against disease, and what happens when it all goes wrong. Priority is given to work that provides fundamental insight into the workings of the immune system. Areas covered include, but are not limited to, innate immunity and inflammation; development; immune receptors, signaling and apoptosis; antigen presentation; gene regulation and recombination; cellular and systemic immunity; vaccines; immune tolerance; autoimmunity and tumor immunology, microbial immunopathology; and transplantation.

The great advances in immunology in recent years make this field one of the most dynamic and rapidly growing in biological sciences. This remarkable growth is stimulated by the influx of investigators from other disciplines such as biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, microbiology, virology and various medical disciplines. These disciplines are so well interlinked with immunology that no immunological challenge can now be properly addressed without sophisticated applications of expertise of combinations of these disciplines. As a consequence, immunology has become a vast and rich field encompassing discoveries and outlooks that range from the highly clinical to the highly molecular. Although such perspectives may appear diverse, they are, in fact, extremely interdependent. The journal seeks to present a balanced overview of contemporary immunology and melds together different aspects of molecular immunology, immunobiology and clinical immunology.

Immunology is the branch of biomedical science that deals with the response of an organism to antigenic challenge and its recognition of what is self and what is not. It deals with the defense mechanisms including all physical, chemical and biological properties of the organism that help it to combat its susceptibility to foreign organisms, material, etc

Immunology has its origins in the study of how the body protects itself against infectious diseases caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi, and also parasitic organisms, such as helminth worms. Research / review articles deals with, among other things, the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and disease; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, immune deficiency, transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo are of prime interest.




Kiran Singh

Senior Lecturer

Dr. Kiran singh is a senior Lecturer of Biology {Zoology (Parasitology)} at Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto of Nigeria. She received her B.Sc, M.Sc. and Ph. D degree from DeenDayal Upadhyay University, Gorakhpur, U.P. India. Her research interests upon control of infectious parasitic diseases by controlling their vectors. In addition, she has made numerous contributions to understanding of mode of action of plant derivedmolluscicides. She has contributed to the knowledge of drug interaction and their comparative effectiveness as well.  

She was awarded as JRF in 1996. She was a fellow of Department of Biotechnology, India. After her early career as  Lecturer  in India,  Dr. Singh joined  her husband in Nigeria, where she accepted lecturer position at Usmanu Danfodiyo university, Sokoto, Nigeria. In addition to teaching, Dr. Singh is a regular contributor to scientific world and she has published many papers in the field of Toxicology, Parasitology and Pharmacology in Journals of International reputation. She currently works  in Department of Biological sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria, at the same time she is visiting Associate Professor in other universities in Nigeria.  She is an active member of many departmental/ National and International organizations. She served as reviewer for many scientific journals and member of editorial board. She is happily married with two children. She can be contacted at

Current Research

  • Control of urinary parasites by controlling their intermediate hosts
  • Evaluation of sensitivity and specificity of RDTs kits for detection of malaria
  • Prevalence of ecto and endo parasites of domestic animals and their effect on some haematologicalparameters.
  • Prevalence rate of trypanosomes and their effect on haematological and biochemical parameters of host
  • Parasites of humans and domestic animals

Interested topics

  • Parasitology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Drug interaction

Junior Research Fellow (JRF) award

Over 50 publication in the field of Parasitology, Nematology, Toxicology and drug interaction, in various International journals.