International Journal of Genome science is a peer-reviewed open acess journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of Genetics. As a journal that has evolved with the field that carries its name, Genomics focuses on the development and application of cutting-edge methods, addressing fundamental questions with potential interest to a wide audience. Our aim is to publish the highest quality research and to provide authors with rapid, fair and accurate review and publication of manuscripts falling within our scope. This journal provides the means for scientists, researchers, medical doctors, clinicians and biotechnologists to publish original rapid communications, full papers and timely state-of- the-art reviews encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all areas of the genome science and technology. Highest priority will be given to short communications reporting important new scientific and technological findings. Short communications on new findings with breakthrough results will be considered for accelerated publication though authors should provide a brief description why the manuscript be considered for fast tracking . International Journal of Genome science provides the means for scientists, researchers, medical doctors, clinicians and biotechnologists to publish original rapid communications, full papers and timely state-of- the-art reviews encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all areas of the genome science and technology. Highest priority will be given to short communications reporting important new scientific and technological findings. Short communications on new findings with breakthrough results will be considered for accelerated publication though authors should provide a brief description why the manuscript be considered for fast-tracking.

Genetics and genomics both play roles in health and disease. Genetics helps individuals and families learn about how conditions such as sickle cell anemia and cystic fibrosis are inherited in families, what screening and testing options are available, and, for some genetic conditions, what treatments are available. Genetics is a term that refers to the study of genes and their roles in inheritance - in other words, the way that certain traits or conditions are passed down from one generation to another. Genetics involves scientific studies of genes and their effects.




Bernd Schierwater


I was trained in Zoology by Carl Hauenschild and in Biochemistry by Fritz Wagner (both Technical University Braunschweig, Germany), in marine ecology by Peter Frank (Woods Hole), in evolutionary theory by Leo Buss (Yale University, postdoctoral advisor), and in molecular genetics by Stephen Dellaporta and Frank Ruddle (Yale University, postdoctoral and research associate advisors). My training in evolutionary and ecological genetics has arisen from running laboratories at Frankfurt University (Ass. Professor), Freiberg University (Assoc. Professor) and
Hannover TiHo University (Full Professor) and from working as a Research Associate in different departments at Yale University and at the AMNH New York (Dept. of Invertebrates). Taking advantage of my very strong and traditional organismal training in Germany and my more modern education in the US, I have been combining the bests of both worlds to promote next-generation integrative research in biological and biomedical research.

1. Schierwater B, Streit B, Wagner GP, DeSalle R, eds. (1994) Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and
Applications. Birkhäuser, Basel-Boston, 622 pp.
2. DeSalle R, Schierwater B, eds. (1998) Molecular Approaches to Ecology and Evolution. Birkhäuser, Basel-Boston,
364 pp.
3. Schierwater B, DeSalle R, eds. (2002) Hox genes and metazoan radiation. Special volume Molecular Phylogenetics
and Evolution. Academic Press, San Diego, 64 pp.
4. DeSalle R, Schierwater B, eds. (2011) Key Transitions in Animal Evolution. Science Publishers & CRC Press, Enfield,
434 pp.
Bernd Schierwater Curriculum vitae p. 3
5. Schierwater B, Stadler PF, DeSalle R,
Podsialowski8. Schierwater B, Hauenschild C (1991) Ökologische
7. Schierwater B, Trager G (1987) Don´t eat if Neptune is angry. Biol Bull 173: 433.
6. Schierwater B and DeSalle R (2015) Invertebrate Zoology: A Tree of Life Approach. Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL USA, in prep.). Selected Review Articles, Book Chapters and Short Communications:
volume Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 311-416.
, L, eds. (2013) Mitogenomics and Metazoan Evolution. Special

genetische Zwänge der Fitness-Optimierung im
Fortpflanzungswechseleiner halbsessilen Hydromeduse. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 84: 326-327.
9. Schierwater B (1992) Ecophysiological consequences of the occurrence of contractile vacuoles in the life cycle of the hydromedusa Eleutheria
dichotoma10. Ender A, Schierwater B (1993) Identification of nuclear markers in Daphnia hybrid complexes by
. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 85: 38.

amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 86: 45.
11. Kuhn K, Schierwater B (1993) Strain diagnostic RAPD markers in Ancylus fluviatilis. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 86: 54.
12. Schierwater B, Ender A, Streit B (1993) The use of RAPD markers in molecular phylogenies. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 86:
13. Streit B, Städler T, Kuhn K, Loew M, Schierwater B (1993) Probing genetic differentiation in Basommatophoran snails using nuclear markers. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 86: 61.
14. Schierwater B (1994) Die Bedeutung von DNA-Merkmalen für die Analyse
phylogenetischer Beziehungen inner halb der Cnidaria. In: Gutman WF, Mollenhauer D, Peters DS (eds.) Morphologie & Evolution. Symp 175 J Senck Naturf Ges . Kramer Verlag, Frankfurt/M: 435-442.
15. Schierwater B, Ender A, Schwenk K, Spaak P, Streit B (1994) The evolutionary ecology of Daphnia. In: Schierwater B, Streit B, Wagner GP, DeSalle R (eds.) Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and Applications. Birkhäuser, Basel-Boston: 495-508. 
16. Streit B, Städler T, Kuhn K, Loew M, Brauer M, Schierwater B (1994) Molecular markers and evolutionary processes in hermaphrodite freshwater snails. In: Schierwater B, Streit B, Wagner GP, DeSalle R (eds.) Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and Applications. Birkhäuser, Basel-Boston: 247-260.
17. DeSalle R, Schierwater B (1994) Molecular Systematics. In: Schierwater B, Streit B, Wagner GP, DeSalle R (eds.) Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and Applications. Birkhäuser, Basel-Boston: 283-284.
18. Schierwater B (1996) Homeobox genes and macroevolution? Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 89: 257.
19. Schierwater B, Ender, A, Schroth W, Diez A, Streit B, Holzmann H, Hadrys H (1997) Arbitrarily amplified DNA in ecology an evolution. In: Caetano-Anolles G and Gresshoff PM (eds.) DNA markers: Protocols, Applications and overviews. John Wiley & Sons, New York: 313-330.
20. Schierwater B, DeSalle R (1998) Population biology, kinship and fingerprinting. In: DeSalle R, Schierwater B (eds.) Molecular Approaches to Ecology and Evolution. Birkhäuser, Basel-Boston: 1-5.
21. DeSalle R, Schierwater B (1998) Higher Taxa and Systematics. In: DeSalle R, Schierwater B (eds.) Molecular
Approaches to Ecology and Evolution. Birkhäuser, Basel-Boston: 125-129.
22. DeSalle R, Schierwater B (1998) Algorithms. In: DeSalle R, Schierwater B (eds.) Molecular Approaches to Ecology and Evolution. Birkhäuser, Basel-Boston: 237-242.
23. Schierwater B, DeSalle R (2002) Evolution and development. Mol Phylogenet Evol 24: 343-344.
24. Dellaporta SL, Buss ?, Weinstock G, Schierwater B (2003) The Trichoplax Genome Consortium. Integr Comp Biol 43: 888
25. Schierwater B, Sallmann H-P (2004) Biodiversity: more crucial than ever. Forschungsmagazin Tierärztliche
Hochschule Hannover: Umwelt und Biodiversität, VMK Verlag, 1-2.
26. Schierwater B (2004) Die Messbarkeit von Biodiversität – Ein
einfaches Beispiel: Ein Tierstamm mit nur einer Art. Forschungsmagazin Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover: Umwelt und Biodiversität, VMK Verlag, 6-9.
27. DeSalle R, Schierwater B (2007) Key transitions in animal evolution. Integr Comp Biol 47: 667-669.
28. Schierwater B (2007) Placozoa. In: McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology. 10th ed. McGraw-Hill,
N.Y.C.: 621-623.
29. Ball EE, de Jong DM, Schierwater B, Shinzato C, Hayward DC, Miller DJ (2010) Cnidarian gene expression patterns and the origins of bilaterality – are cnidarians reading the same game plan as “higher” animals? In: Schierwater B, DeSalle R, (eds.) Key Transitions in Animal Evolution. Science Publishers & CRC Press Enfield pp. 197-216.
30. Schierwater B, DeSalle R (2011) A phylogenomic journey through the animal tree of life: Key innovations in the
evolution of Metazoa. In: Schierwater B, DeSalle R, (eds.) Key Transitions in Animal Evolution. Science Publishers & CRC Press Enfield, V-IX.
31. Schierwater B, Eitel M, Osigus HJ, von der Chevallerie K, Bergmann T, Hadrys H, Cramm M, Heck L, Jakob W, Lang M, DeSalle R (2011) Trichoplax and Placozoa: one of the crucial keys to understanding metazoan evolution. In: Schierwater B, DeSalle R, (eds.) Key Transitions in Animal Evolution. Science Publishers & CRC Press Enfield, pp. 289-326.
32. Schierwater B, Eitel M, von der Chevallerie K, Jakob W (2011) Der Ursprung der Zelldifferenzierung in Metazoen. Forschungsmagazin Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover: Umwelt und Biodiversität, IPV Medien, 79-82.
33. Schierwater B (2013) Placozoa, Plattentiere. In Westheide W, Rieger R (eds.) Spezielle Zoologie, Teil 1: Einzeller und Wirbellose Tiere. Spektrum Verlag; 3. Auflage, (in press)
34. Bernt M, Merkle D, Middendorf M, Schierwater B, Schlegel M, Stadler PF (2013) Computational Methods for Analyses of Mitochondrial Genome Rearrangements. In Deep
Metatzoan Phylogeny The Backbone of the Tree of Life. De Gruyter, pp. (in press)
35. Eitel M, Jakob W, Osigus H-J, Paknia o, vdChevallerie K, Bergmann, T, Schierwater B (2013) Trying to resolve the base of the Metazoa. In Deep Metazoan Phylogeny The Backbone of the Tree of Life. De Gruyter, pp.
36. Schierwater B, Eitel M (2015) Placozoa. In: Evol Dev Biol Inv I (A. Wanninger, Editor), pp.107-114.
37. DeSalle R, Schierwater B, Hadrys H, (2016)
MtDNA38. Schierwater B, Klingel H (1985) Food digestibility and water requirements in

Peer Reviewed Research Articles:

: The Tiny Workhorse of Evolutionary Studies. Frontiers Biology (in press). 

djungarian hamster Phodopus
sungorus39. Schierwater B, Klingel H (1986) Energy costs of reproduction in
. Z Säugetierkd 50: 35-39.

djungarian hamster Phodopus sungorus under laboratory and seminatural conditions. Oecologia 69: 144-147.
40. Schierwater B, Mrowka W (1987) Factors influencing oxygen consumption in the cichlid fish Pseudocrenilabrus multicolor. Zool Anz 219: 305-312.
41. Mrowka W, Schierwater B (1988) Energy expenditure for mouthbrooding in a cichlid fish. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 22: 161-164.
42. Schierwater B (1989) Allometric changes during growth and reproduction in Eleutheria
dichotoma (Hydrozoa,
Athecata) and the problem of estimating body size in a microscopic animal. J Morphol 200: 255-267.
43. Schierwater B, Hauenschild C (1990) A photoperiod determined life-cycle in an oligochaete worm. Biol Bull 178: 111-          117.
44. Schierwater B, Hauenschild C (1990) The position and consequences of a vegetative mode of reproduction in the lifecycle of a hydromedusa and an oligochaete worm. Adv Inv Reprod 5: 37-42.
45. Hadrys H, Schierwater B, Mrowka W (1990) The feeding behaviour of a semi-sessile hydromedusa and how it is affected by the mode of reproduction. Anim Behav 40: 935-944.
46. Schierwater B, Murtha M, Dick M, Ruddle FH, Buss LW (1991) Homeoboxes in Cnidarians. J Exp Zool 260: 413-416.
47. Schierwater B, Piekos B, Buss LW (1992) Hydroid
stolonal contractions mediated by contractile vacuoles. J Exp Biol 162: 1-21.
48. Hadrys H, Balick M, Schierwater B (1992) Applications of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) in molecular
ecology. Mol Ecol 1: 55-63.
49. Bridge D, Cunningham CW, Schierwater B, DeSalle R, Buss LW (1992) Class-level relationships in the phylum
Cnidaria: Evidence from mitochondrial genome structure. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 8750-8753.
50. Hadrys H, Schierwater B, DeSalle R, Dellaporta S, Buss LW (1993) Determination of paternities in dragonflies by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA fingerprinting. Mol Ecol 2: 79-87.
51. Schierwater B, Ender A (1993) Different thermostable DNA polymerases may amplify different amplification patterns. Nucl Acids Res 21: 4647-4648.
52. Streit B, Städler T, Schwenk K, Ender A, Kuhn K, Schierwater B (1994) Natural hybridization in freshwater animals. Ecological implications and molecular tools. Naturwissenschaften 81: 65-73.
53. Schroth W, Schierwater B, Joger J, Streit B (1995) Populationsgenetische Untersuchungen an Mittelmeerkolonien der 
Unechten Karettschildkröte Caretta caretta. Verh Ges Oekol 24: 151-154.
54. Schierwater B (1995) Arbitrarily amplified DNA in systematics an phylogenetics. Electrophoresis 16: 1643-1647.
55. Schierwater B (1995) Developmental genes as a potential tool to population ecology of complex animal life-cycles? Experientia 51: 539-544.
56. Ender A, Streit B, Städler T, Schwenk K, Schierwater B (1996) RAPD identification of microsatellites in Daphnia. Mol Ecol 5: 437-441.
57. Kuhn K, Streit B, Schierwater B (1996) Homeobox genes in the cnidarian Eleutheria
dichotoma: Evolutionary
implications for the origin of Antp-class (HOM/Hox) genes. Mol Phylogenet Evol 6: 30-38.
58. Schierwater B, Metzler D, Krüger K, Streit B (1996) The effects of nested primer binding sites on the reproducibility of PCR: Mathematical modeling and computer simulation studies. J Comput Biol 2: 235-251.
59. Schroth W, Streit B, Schierwater B (1996) Evolutionary handicap for sea turtles. Nature 384: 521-522.
60. Prinzinger R, Becker P, Klein JP, Schroth W, Schierwater B (1997) The taxonomic status of Laniarius
(Rchw. 1899) with additional data on type description of Laniariusliberatus, Bulo Burti Boubou (Smith, Arctander,
Fjeldsa & Amir 1991). J Ornithol 138: 283-289.
61. Prinzinger R, Schroth W, Klein JP, Schierwater B (1997) DNA sequence analysis of mitochondrial Cyt-b and the species status of Lanarius
dubiosus (Rchw. 1899). J Ornithol 138: 291-296.
62. Ender A, Streit B, Schierwater B (1997) Random amplified microsatellites (RAMS) in Daphnia. Dt Ges Limnol Tagsber 149-152.
63. Schierwater B, Kuhn K (1998) Homology of Hox genes and the zootype concept in early metazoan evolution. Mol Phylogenet Evol 9: 375-381.
64. Schroth W, Streit B, Schierwater B (1998) 'Natal Homing'
bei der Meeresschildkröte Caretta caretta: RAPD- und mtDNA-Analyse. Dt Ges Limnol Tgsber65. Schierwater B, Hadrys H (1998) Environmental factors

metagenesis in the hydroid Eleutheria dichotomaAbd El-Mawla NEM, Hadoud DA, Gomati HE, Domingo M, Hadjichristophorou M
66. Laurent L, Casale P, Bradai MN, Godley BJ, Gerosa G, Broderick C, Schroth W, Schierwater B, Levy AM, Freggi D, Bernd Schierwater Curriculum vitae p. 5
Invertebr Reprod Dev 34: 139-148.

Kornaraky L, Dmirayak F, Gautier Ch (1998) Molecular resolution of marine turtle stock composition in fishery bycatch: a case study in the
The Mediterranean. Mol Ecol 7: 1529-1542.
67. Mokady O, Dick M, Laschkewitz D, Schierwater B, Buss LW (1998) Over one-half billion years of head conservation? 
Expression of an ems class gene in Hydractinia
symbiolongicarpus (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 95: 3673-3678.
68. Kuhn K, Streit B, Schierwater B (1999) Isolation of Hox genes from the Scyphozoan Cassiopeia
Implications for the early evolution of Hox genes. J Exp Zool, Mol Dev Evol 285: 63-75.
69. Schierwater B, Ender A (2000) Sarsia
marii72. Schroth W, Jarms G, Streit B, Schierwater B (2002) Speciation and phylogeography in
71. Syed T, Schierwater B (2002) The Evolution of the Placozoa: A new morphological model. Senckenb Lethaea 82: 315- 324.
70. Schierwater B, DeSalle R (2001) Current Problems With the Zootype and the Early Evolution of Hox Genes. J Exp Zool, Mol Dev Evol 291: 169-174.
sequences for unpuzzling systematic relationships in Hydrozoa. Sci Mar 64: 117-122.
spec. nov. (Hydrozoa, Anthomedusae) and the use of 16S rDNA

cosmopolitic marine moon jelly, Aurelia sp. BMC Evol Biol 2: 1-10.
73. Schierwater B, Dellaporta S, DeSalle R (2002) Is the evolution of
Cnox-2 Hox/ParaHox genes multicolored and polygenealogical? Mol Phylogenet Evol 24: 374-378.
74. Sarkar IN, Thornton JW, Planet PJ, Figurski DH, Schierwater B, DeSalle R (2002) An automated phylogenetic key for classifying homeoboxes. Mol Phylogenet Evol 24: 388-399.
75. Syed T, Schierwater B (2002) Trichoplax
adhaerens: discovered as a missing link, forgotten as a hydrozoan, rediscovered as a key to metazoan evolution. Vie Milieu 52: 177-187.
76. Collins AG, Meina M, Collins JA, Schierwater B (2003) 28S rDNA data further resolve the phylogeny of Cnidaria. Integ Comp Biol 43: 804
77. Ender A, Schierwater B (2003) Placozoa are not derived cnidarians: Evidence from molecular morphology. Mol Biol Evol 20: 130-134.
78. Jakob W, Sagasser S, Dellaporta SL, Holland PW, Kuhn K, Schierwater B (2004) The Trox-2 Hox/ParaHox gene of Trichoplax (Placozoa) marks an epithelial boundary. Dev Genes Evol 214: 170-175.
79. Voigt O, Collins AG, Pearse VB, Pearse JS, Hadrys H, Ender A, Schierwater B (2004) Placozoa: no longer a phylum of one. Curr Biol 14: R1-R3, R944-R945.
80. Moeller A, Sagasser S, Wiltschko W, Schierwater B (2004) Retinal cryptochrome in a migratory passerine bird: a possible transducer for the avian magnetic compass. Naturwissenschaften 91: 585-588.
81. Collins AG, Winkelmann S, Hadrys H, Schierwater B (2005) Phylogeny of Capitata (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and
Corynidae in light of mitochondrial 16S rDNA data. Zool Scr 34: 91-99.
82. Hadrys T, DeSalle R, Sagasser S, Fischer N, Schierwater B (2005) The
trichoplax PaxB gene: a putative proto- PaxA/B/C gene predating the origin of nerve and sensory cells. Mol Biol Evol 22: 1569-1578.
83. Tomassetti P, Voigt O, Collins AG, Porrello S, Pearse VB, Schierwater B (2005) Placozoans (Trichoplax
adhaerens Schulze 1883) in the Mediterranean sea. Meiofauna Marina. 14: 5-7.
84. Schroth W, Ender A, Schierwater B (2005) Molecular biomarkers and adaptation to environmental stress in the moon jelly (Aurelia spp.). Mar Biotechnol 7: 449-461.
85. Collins AG, Cartwright P, McFadden CS, Schierwater B (2005) Phylogenetic Context and Basal Metazoan Model Systems. Integr Comp Biol 45: 585-594.
86. Stoletzki N, Schierwater B (2005) Genetic and color morph differentiation in the Caribbean sea anemone Condylactis 
gigantea. Mar Biol 147: 747-754.
87. Schierwater B (2005) My favorite animal, Trichoplax
adhaerens. BioEssays 27: 1294-1302.
88. Hadrys H, Schroth W, Streit B, Schierwater B, Fincke O (2005) Tree hole odonates as environmental monitors: Noninvasive isolation of polymorphic microsatellites from the neotropical damselfly Megaloprepus
caerulatus. Cons Gen 6(3): 481 - 483
89. Collins A, Bentlage B, Matsumoto G, Haddock S, Osborn K, Schierwater B (2006) Solution to the phylogenetic enigma of Tetraplatia, a worm-shaped cnidarian. Biol Lett 2: 120-124.
90. Collins AG, Schuchert P, Marques AC, Jankowski T, Medina M, Schierwater B (2006) Medusozoan phylogeny and character evolution clarified by new large and small subunit rDNA data and an assessment of the utility of
phylogenetic mixture models. Syst Biol 55: 97-115.
91. Monteiro AS, Schierwater B, Dellaporta S, Holland PWH (2006) A low diversity of ANTP class homeobox genes in Placozoa. Evol Dev 8:174-182.
92. Cartwright P, Schierwater B, Buss LW (2006) Expression of a Gsx
parahox gene, Cnox-2, in colony ontogeny in Hydractinia (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). J Exp Zool, Mol Dev Evol 306B: 460-469 (DOI: 10.1002/jez.b.21106).
93. Kamm K, Schierwater B, Jakob W, Miller D (2006) Axial patterning and diversification in the Cnidaria predate the Hox system. Curr Biol 16: 920-926.
94. Dellaporta SL, Xu A, Sagasser S, Jakob W, Moreno MA, Buss LW, Schierwater B (2006) Mitochondrial genome of Trichoplax
adhaerens supports Placozoa as the basal lower metazoan phylum. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103: 8751– 8756.
95. Kamm K, Schierwater, B (2006) Ancient complexity of the Non-Hox ANTP Gene Complement in the Anthozoan Bernd Schierwater Curriculum vitae p. 6
vectensis115. Damm S, Schierwater B, Hadrys H (2010) An integrative approach to species discovery in odonates: from
114. Schierwater B, Kamm K (2010) The early evolution of Hox genes: A battle of belief? Adv Exp Med Biol 689: 81-90. 
113. Eitel M, Schierwater B (2010) The phylogeography of the Placozoa suggests a taxon rich phylum in tropical and subtropical waters. Mol Ecol 19: 2315–2327.
112. Vargas S, Eitel M, Breedy O, Schierwater B (2010) Molecules match morphology: mitochondrial DNA supports Bayer’s Lytreia–Bebryce–Heterogorgia (Alcyonacea : Octocorallia) clade hypothesis. Invertebrate Systematics 24: 23–31.
111. Simon S, Schierwater B, Hadrys H (2010) On the value of Elongation factor-1α for reconstructing pterygote insect phylogeny. Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:651-656.
110. Bergmann T, Hadrys H, Breves G, Schierwater B (2009) Character-based DNA barcoding - A superior tool for species classification. Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift - BMTW 122:446-450.
109. Schierwater B, Kolokotronis SO, Eitel M, DeSalle R (2009) The Diploblast-Bilateria Sister Hypothesis: Parallel Evolution of a Nervous System may have been a simple Step. Commun & Integr Biol 2:1-3.
108. de Jong D, Eitel M, Jakob W, Osigus H.-J, Hadrys H, DeSalle R, Schierwater B (2009) Multiple Dicer genes in the early diverging Metazoa. Mol Biol Evol 26:1333–1340.
Concatenated Molecular and Morphological Analysis Sheds Light on Early Metazoan Evolution and Fuels a Modern “Urmetazoon” Hypothesis. PlosBiology 7: 36-44: e1000020.
107. Schierwater B, Eitel M, Jakob W, Osigus HJ, Hadrys H, Dellaporta S, Kolokotronis SO, DeSalle R (2009)
annotation of the genome of Trichoplax adhaerens. Nucl Acids Res 37: 1602-1615.
106. Hertel J, de Jong D, Marz M, Rose D, Tafer H, Tanzer A, Schierwater B, Stadler PF (2009) Non-coding RNA
differentiation. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 41: 370–379 (doi:10.1016/j.biocel.2008.09.023).
105. Schierwater B, de Jong D, DeSalle R (2009) Placozoa, and the evolution of Metazoa and intrasomatic cell
104. DeSalle R, Schierwater B (2008) An even “newer” animal phylogeny. BioEssays 30: 1043-1047.
103. Schierwater B, Kamm K, Srivastava M, Rokhsar D, Rosengarten RD, Dellaporta SL (2008) The Early ANTP Gene Repertoire: Insights from the Placozoan Genome. PLoS ONE 3: e2457.
Signorovich A, Moreno M, Kamm K, Shapiro H, Grigoriev I, Buss L, Schierwater B, Dellaporta S, Rokhsar D (2008) The Trichoplax Genome and the Enigmatic Nature of Placozoans. Nature 454: 955-960.
102. Srivastava M, Begovic E, Chapman J, Putnam N, Hellsten U, Kawashima T, Kuo A, Mitros T, Carpenter M,
101. Rach J, DeSalle R, Sarkar IN, Schierwater B, Hadrys H (2008) Character-based DNA barcoding allows discrimination of genera, species, and populations in Odonata. Proc R Soc London B 275: 237-247.
implications for the evolution of homeobox genes. J Exp Zool, Mol Dev Evol 308B: 777-784.
100. Kamm K, Schierwater B (2007) Ancient linkage of a POU class 6 and an anterior Hox-like Gene in cnidaria:
99. Jakob W, Schierwater B (2007) Changing hydrozoan bauplans by silencing Hox-like genes. PlosOne 8: e694.
expression patterns for the origins of bilaterality-is the glass half full or half empty? Integr Comp Biol 47: 701-711.
98. Ball EE, de Jong DM, Schierwater B, Shinzato C, Hayward DC, Miller DJ (2007) Implications of cnidarian gene
97. Boero F, Schierwater B, Piraino S (2007) Cnidarian milestones in metazoan evolution. Integr Comp Biol 47: 693-700.
96. Schierwater B, DeSalle R (2007) Can we ever identify the Urmetazoan? Integr Comp Biol 47: 670-676.
. Implications for the Evolution of the ANTP Superclass. J Exp Zool, Mol Dev Evol 306B: 589– 596.
characterbased DNA barcoding to ecology. Mol Ecol 19: 3881-3893.
116. von der Chevallerie K, Eitel M, Schierwater B (2010) Focus on an unexpected discovery in Roscoff - a warm water species of the phylum Placozoa. Cah Biol Mar 51: 212-213.
117. Guidi L, Eitel M, Schierwater B, Ceasrini S, Balsamo M (2011) Ultrastructural analyses support different Morphological Lineages in the Phylum Placozoa Grell, 1971. J Morphol 272: 371–378
118. Loenarz C, Coleman ML, Boleininger A, Schierwater B, Holland PW, Ratcliffe PJ, Schofield CJ (2011) The hypoxiainducible transcription factor pathway regulates oxygen sensing in the simplest animal, Trichoplax adhaerens. EMBO Rep 12: 63-70.
119. Eitel M, Guidi L, Balsamo M, Schierwater B (2011) New insights into placozoan sexual reproduction and development. PLoS One 6(5): e19639
120. Hadrys H, Simon S, Kaune B, Khadjeh S, Schmitt O, Schöner A, Jakob W, Schierwater B (2012) Isolation of Hox cluster genes from insects reveals an accelerated sequence evolution rate. PLoS One 7(6): e34682
121. Osigus, H-J, Eitel, M, Schierwater B (2012) Chasing the urmetazoon: Striking a blow for quality data? Mol Phyl Evol (Morris Goodman Special issue)
122. Vij S, Ho HK, Babu D, Eitel M, Westbrook J, Schierwater B, Roy S (2012) Evolutionarily ancient association of Foxj1 transcription factors with the motile ciliogenic program. PLoS Genetics 8(11): e1003019
123. Appeltrans W (2012) The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22 (23): 2189-2202
124. Bernt M, Braband A, Schierwater B, Stadler PF (2013) Genetic aspects of mitochondrial genome evolution. Mol Phyl Evol 69(2): 328-338;
125. Ringrose JH, van den Toorn H, Eitel M, Neerincx P, Schierwater B, Altelaar AFM, Heck AJR (2013) Deep proteome profiling of Trichoplax adhaerens reveals remarkable features at the origin of metazoan multicellularity. Nature Comm; 4:1408 | DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2424
126. Eitel M, Osigus H-J, DeSalle R, Schierwater B (2013) Global Diversity of the Placozoa. PLoS One 8(4): e57131
127. Nosenko T, Schreiber F, Adamska M, Adamski M, Eitel M, Hammel J, Maldonadof M, Müller WEG, Nickel M,
Schierwater B, Vaceleti J, Wiens M, Wörheide G (2013) Deep metazoan phylogeny: When different genes tell
Bernd Schierwater Curriculum vitae p. 7 different stories. Mol Phyl Evol 67: 223–233
128. Schierwater B, Stadler P, DeSalle R, Podsiadlowski L (2013) Mitogenomics and metazoan evolution. Mol Phyl Evol 69: 311-312
129. Osigius H-J, Eitel M, Bernt M, Donath A, Schierwater B (2013) Mitogenomics at the base of Metazoa. Mol Phyl Evol 69: 339-351
130. Bernt M, Bleidorn C, Braband A, Dambach J, Donath A, Fritzsch G, Golombek A, Hadrys H, Jühling F, Meusemann K, Middendorf M, Misof B, Perseke M, Podsiadlowski L, von Reumont B, Schierwater B, Schlegel M, Schrödl M, Simon S, Stadler P, Stöger I, Struck T (2013) A comprehensive analysis of bilaterian mitochondrial genomes and phylogeny. Mol Phyl Evol 69(2): 352–364; DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.002
131. Bergmann T, Rach J, Damm S, deSalle R, Schierwater B, Hadrys H (2013) The potential of distance-based
thresholds and character-based DNA barcoding for defininig problematic taxonomic entities by CO1 and ND1.
Molecular Ecology Resources; DOI: 10.1111/1755-0998.12125
132. V.d. Chevallerie K, Rolfes S, Schierwater B (2014) Inhibitors of the p53-Mdm2 interaction increase programmed cell death and produce abnormal phenotypes in the

placozoon Trichoplax adhaerensevolutionary debate: how to avoid “unringing”
134. Schierwater B, Miller D, Holland PW, Wray G, DeSalle R (2016) Next generation analysis of a century old
133. Paknia O & Schierwater B (2015) Global habitat suitability and ecological niche separation in the phylum Placozoa PLoS ONE 10, e0140162.
(F.E. Schulze). Dev Gen Evol, DOI 10.1007/s00427-014-0465-0

urmetazoon bell. Frontiers Ecol Evol 4, doi 10.3389.
135. Feindt W, Herzog R, Osigus HJ, Schierwater B, Hadrys H (2016) "Short read sequencing assembly revealed the complete mitochondrial genome of Ischnura
elegans Vander Linden, 1820 (Odonata: Zygoptera)" Mitochondrial DNA part B 1:1, 574-576 DOI: org/10.3389/fevo.2016.00005
136. Feindt W, Herzog R, Osigus HJ, Schierwater B, Hadrys H, (2016) "The complete mitochondrial genome of the emperor dragonfly Anax imperator LEACH, 1815 (Aeshnidae: Odonata) via NGS sequencing" Mitochondrial DNA part B,1:1; 783-786 DOI: 10.1080/23802359.2016.1186523)
137. Feindt W, Osigus HJ, Herzog R, Mason CE and Hadrys H (2016) The complete mitochondrial genome of the
neotropical helicopter damselfly Megaloprepus
caerulatus (Odonata: Zygoptera) assembled from next generation
sequencing data. Mitochondrial DNA Part B. Volume 1, Issue 1 pp. 497-499, DOI: 10.1080/23802359.2016.1192504
138. Schleicherova D, Dulias K, Osigus HJ, Paknia O, Hadrys H, Schierwater B (2017) The most primitive metazoan animals, the placozoans, show high sensitivity to increasing ocean temperatures and acidities. Ecology and Evolution 1-10, DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2678
139. Rach J, Bergmann T, Paknia O, DeSalle R, Schierwater B, Hadrys H (2017) The marker choice: Unexpected
resolving power of an unexplored CO1 region for layered DNA barcoding approaches. PLOS ONE 12(4) 1-14, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174842
140. DeSalle R, Schierwater B, Hadrys H (2017)
MtDNA: The small workhorse of evolutionary studies. Frontiers in
Bioscience Landmark 22, 873-887.
141. Novotnÿ JP, Chughtai A, Kostrouchová M, Kostrouchová V, Kostrouch D, Kassák F, Kaña R, Schierwater B,
Kostrouchová M, Kostrouch Z (2017) Trichoplax
adhaerens reveals an endocrine-like network sensitive to 9-cisretinoic acid at the base of metazoan evolution. PeeJ Computer Science
142. Osigus HJ, Eitel M, Schierwater B (2017) Deep RNA sequencing reveals the smallest known and smallest possible micro exon: The placozoan cox1 single base pair exon, PLOS ONE DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177959
143. Eitel M, Francis W, Osigus HJ, Krebs S, Vargas S, Blum H, Williams G, Schierwater B, Wörheide G (2017)
Taxogenomics uncovers a new family in the phylum Placozoa PLoS Biology (in revision).
144. Gul I, Hulpiau P, de Keuckelaere E, Deroo T, Sanders E, Staes K,
Saeys148. Ringelhan F, Schierwater B,
147. Sabrina K. Roth, Abigail Powell, Bernd Schierwater, David J. Smith, Florian Roth (2018). The highly competitive ascidian Didemnum sp. threatens coral reef communities in the Wakatobi Marine National Park, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Mar Pollution Bulletin (in review).
Speciation in Placozoa. Mol Biol Evol (in review).
146. Kamm K, Osigus H-J, Stadler P, DeSalle R, Schierwater B (2018) Trichoplax Genomes Reveal New Mode of
145. Schierwater B, DeSalle R (2018) Placozoa. Curr Biol 28, R1-3.
U, Technau U, Schierwater B and van Roy F (2017) GC content of early metazoan genes and its impact on gene expression levels in mammalian cell lines. Genome Biol Evol (in press)

Rodigues, IR, Schaible R. Aging in a metagenetic basal metazoan I – the biodemography of Eleutheria dichotoma (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) Experimental Gerontology (in prep)
149. Rolfes S & Schierwater B. p53 expression in the placozoan Trichoplax after experimentally induced cancer-like growth patterns. PLoSOne (in prep)
150. Eitel M, Schierwater B. Unexpected high diversity of sympatric placozoans in coral reefs and mangroves. Mol Ecol (in prep)
151. von der Chevallerie K, Kosubek J, Schleicherova D, Eitel M, Schierwater B. Regeneration and self/ nonself
recognition in the phylum Placozoa. J Exp Zool (in prep)